1978 marks the launch of economic reforms for China when veteran statesman Deng Xiaoping assumed leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and introduced a new economic development strategy aimed at rebuilding China’s ailing economy and society.
The new Chinese government led by Deng Xiaoping adopted an open-door policy and encouraged foreign trade and investment to spur economic growth and to improve the living standards of its citizens. Deng’s era which was characterised by economic liberalism and entrepreneurial expansion helped to kick-start China’s economy. In the ensuing three decades since the opening of China’s economy, coupled with China’s entry in to the World Trade Organisation in 2001, China’s economy grew by quantum leaps.
According to the Spring 2017 Global Attitudes Survey conducted by the Pew Research Center in the US, China is now regarded as the world’s leading economy by respondents in 12 out of 38 countries surveyed, particularly for countries in Europe and others such as Jordan, Canada, UK and Australia. (Source: Wike, R., Poushter, J., Silver, L. & Bishop, C. (2017, July 13). Globally, more name U.S. than China as world’s leading economic power. Retrieved November 1, 2017, from Pew Research Center website: http://www.pewglobal.org/2017/07/13/more-name-u-s-than-china-as-worlds-leading-economic-power/.
These are some selected resources on the transformation of China since 1978 that are available from NLB or the Internet. As this list is not intended to be exhaustive, please search the NLB catalogue or the Internet for more resources.
|China economic conditions; China economic policy, China economic development
||330.951; 338.951; 381.30951; 382.710951
|China politics and government; Government accountability – China; Political leadership – China; Political culture – China; Transparency in government – China
||306.20951; 320.951; 324.251075 ; 951.05; 951.06;
|China – Population policy; Birth control – China; Family size – Government policy – China
||304.60951; 304.630951; 363.90951; 363.960951
|Rural-urban migration – China; Migration, Internal – China; Migrant labor – China
||304.80951; 307.240951; 307.760951; 331.5440951; 331.5610951 ; 331.620951 ; 331.76240951132; 339.460951091734;
|Social change – China
||303.40951; 306.0951; 951.04; 951.06;
|Middle class – China
|Families – China; Kinship – China
||306.0951; 306.850951; 363.960951
|Non-governmental organizations – China; Nonprofit organizations – China; civil society – China
||300.951; 320.951; 338.7; 361.70951; 361.760951; 361.7630951
|Chinese foreign policy; China – Foreign relations; China global power; China soft power; China – Foreign economic relations
||303.48251; 327.51; 327.51054; 337.51; 951.06
|People’s Liberation Army; China armed forces
||355.00951; 355.033051; 355.30951; 951.042
|China – Foreign relations – United States
|China – Foreign relations – Japan
||327.51052; 327.52051; 951.05092
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(listed in alphabetical order)
Carter reveals how the Internet is enabling creative expression, social engagement and political discourse to flourish via Weibo (the Chinese version of Twitter) and the underground Internet in China.
Christensen provides a new perspective on US-China relations and shows how China has become a regional leader with sufficient clout to cause instability in East Asia and to make an forceful impact on world economics, politics and security issues.
Dawra traces the success of China’s economy, which has enabled the fivefold increase in its per capita income in the three decades since Deng Xiaoping’s leadership. She also discusses the future of China’s continued growth in the light of its economic restructuring and policies supporting urbanisation, innovation in agriculture and manufacturing and the development of rural regions in central, southern and western China.
Gain new insights to the social media revolution which has transformed how Chinese authorities communicate with the public and enabled Chinese citizens to engage with each other, share information and express opinions in the borderless cyberspace.
Haft takes a close look at the US-China trade relationship in this book. He examines how the risks posed by the unregulated manufacturing industry in China has led to increased opportunities in the US, with China shifting from its role as an exporter of “made-in-China” products to becoming a major importer of American goods.
Find out how China’s movers and shakers assess the future of China from five angles – economy, politics, communication and the Internet, foreign policy strategy and global power rivalry.
- Naftali, O. (2016). Children in China. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. Available from NLB OverDrive.
China’s government policies over the past decades have shaped the lives of the current generation today. Naftali explores issues such as the impact of the one-child policy and rural-urban migration trends which have impinged upon children’s education and development in both rural and city areas.
- Riley, N. (2016). Population in China. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. Available from NLB OverDrive.
In recent years, China has been experiencing a decline in fertility and mortality rates and an increase in the influx of rural-urban migration. China’s decades-long population policies have impacted the gender ratio and the country has to tackle the current problems of a rapidly ageing population and the heightened inequality between rural and urban residents.
With contributions from mainly Chinese academics from Chinese universities and research institutes and several Western scholars, this volume explores the cultural dimensions of the Sino-American relationship alongside China’s growing international influence and power.
The essays in this book written by leading Chinese scholars in the fields of international relations and political economy discuss the policies enacted by Xi Jinping, China’s current leader and analyse how these policies influence China’s governance, economy and foreign relations strategy.
Learn about the fallout of China’s demographic changes on its labour force and the factors which have contributed to the decline in China’s total factor productivity and growth in its capital stock from this book.
Read about the structural transformations occurring in many pockets of China’s domestic economy, from prioritizing government expenditure on education and research and development to energy and financial market reforms. Woven into the discussion is China’s strategy for participation in international trade policy negotiations.
(listed in alphabetical order)
Allison examines the US-China relations through the lens of the Thucydides Trap, which refers to war breaking out when a rising power threatens to destabilise an established power. The author also documents the strides which both countries have made in the past to keep the peace and the actions needed to avoid escalating tensions in the future.
Enright focuses on the critical role which foreign direct investment has played in the economic growth and development of China in tandem with its market liberalism policies and property rights reforms, transforming China’s once feeble economy to become the world’s second largest economy today.
The essays in this volume provide multiple perspectives on issues such as the Chinese globalisation strategy, China’s governance policies in relation to social movements, labour protests and migrant workers and the impact of China’s religious policies on social stability.
This book provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of China’s political system. It discusses the influence of Chinese politics on its economic achievements and the adaptability of the Chinese political regime to changing economic, technological, social and global conditions.
Huang attempts to set the record straight on populist views of China’s economic, political and foreign policy issues. He analyses the contributing factors for China’s national debt, trade and investment relations with the West and the prevalence of corruption which transpired during China’s pursuit of economic liberalism.
- Jankowiak, W. R. & Moore, R. L. (2017). Family life in China. Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Call no.: R 306.850951 JAN
Family life in China reveals the changing framework for family life in today’s Chinese society, discussing issues such as kinship, friendship, multigenerational family structure, ethnic diversity, courtship and marriage, parenting philosophy and intergenerational uncertainties.
Gain a deeper understanding of the past, present and projected future of China’s bilateral relations with Japan in this book. The contributions are from Japanese scholars and are valuable for researchers studying Japan-Sino relations.
Written by scholars and policy advisers in China, this book examines China’s changing trade and economic relationships with countries in East Asia as well as with ASEAN countries. It also analyses the impact of US foreign policy on the Asia-Pacific region.
Find out about the social welfare landscape in the Greater China region covering mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. The essays in this volume discuss how major economic transformations in the region are creating new pressures on funding and resources allocated to welfare provision.
The essays by scholars and academicians from China and India help to paint an encompassing picture of the history, culture, political relations and economic functionalities of both countries.
Read about how China’s governance reforms have led to greater government transparency and increased public participation in policymaking. Learn about the impetus behind these reforms and the scope of their significance to Chinese civil society.
Different facets of Chinese society are analysed in this book, with topics covering Chinese family and kinship, the emergence of the new middle class, consumerism, medical tourism, delayed marriage, popular culture and media in post-reform China.
This book sheds light on the theories behind the Communist Party of China’s diplomatic practices over the past 90 years and dissects the party’s key role in formulating the nation’s international relations strategies.
Ye provides an analytical review of the changing dynamics in the bilateral relations between China and South Korea as seen from both historical and theoretical perspectives. He also highlights the domestic politics of both countries which have seen the involvement and influence of a more vocal citizenry on state policies.
Zeng attributes the survival of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to its ideological reform and institutionalisation of power succession. This is despite that fact that China’s economic success has been brought about by the use of free-market capitalist economic policies, which appear to contradict the principles of a communist socialist society.
Gain insights to the evolution of China’s foreign aid policy and mechanisms over the past 60 years and learn about China’s aid to Africa, Southeast and Central Asian countries, Latin America and the Caribbean region in this book. Written by Chinese scholars, the book argues that the administration of foreign aid to other countries has enabled China to strengthen its economic and political ties with many developing countries.
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(listed in alphabetical order)
Due to its sheer population size and land mass, China’s central government has had to design and deploy various strategies to govern even the most remote regions within its borders. This article discusses the seven dimensions of government control, which involve institutions, allocation of resources, personnel management, administrative monitoring, exertion of authority over local sectors and use of the military.
This study uncovers the trend for rural women to secure factory employment more successfully compared with their male counterparts. From the factories’ perspective, women are considered to be more efficient and careful workers, while males are associated with “carelessness”, “laziness”, “violence” and “conflict”.
- Li, H., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. & Wu, B. (2017, Winter). Human capital and China’s future growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31(1), 25-48. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from Proquest Central.
Focusing on human capital, this article discusses the prospects for China’s economic growth. It examines China’s hukou policy which demarcates China’s labour force into two distinct camps of rural and urban workers and documents the progress which China has made in raising the education levels of its population.
This article explores the links between China’s economic progress, CO2 emissions, China’s dependence on heavy industrial output and concerns about environmental sustainability in its industrial energy-intensive sectors.
Despite changing cultural and social mores in China and the rise of ‘individualisation’ (shifting from collective needs to self-realisation and self-interest), filial piety still functions as an important familial obligation among Chinese families. The paper posits that the absence of a social welfare system will ensure the propagation of interdependent relations between parents and children.
Read this article to get an overall perspective of the possible derailers hindering China’s future prospects after having enjoyed over three decades of economic growth and social progress. It also highlights the problems China faces at present, such as income inequality, labour shortage due to its long-standing one-child policy, rising debt and environmental pollution.
This four-page article details China’s declining fertility levels which began manifesting in the 1970s, before the one-child policy was implemented in 1980. Despite the total lifting of the one-child rule in November 2015, the number of births in China has only increased marginally. The author suggests that the Chinese government should introduce policies that will make it easier for citizens to have children and offer schemes to provide financial and healthcare support for its greying population.
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(listed in alphabetical order)
China’s new leadership lineup has placed the ruling of the nation in virtually in one man’s hands – President Xi Jinping. The absence of Mr Xi’s potential successor is glaringly obvious in the seven-man formation of the Politburo Standing Committee and seems to indicate the end of an era of collective leadership.
After the lifting of China’s one-child policy, 1.31 million more babies were born in 2016 compared to 2015, with 45 percent being a second child. China is also introducing more programmes which are favorable for family planning, such as longer maternity leave, the building of more maternity and pediatric hospitals and making preschool education more inclusive.
To tackle environmental problems such as air pollution caused by its many chemicals plants, China is embarking on an aggressive environmental campaign that purports to hold its office holders responsible if cities fail to achieve their emission reduction targets. Many chemicals companies are also at the brink of being temporarily or permanently shut down as part of the solution to minimise pollution.
Political and business scholars from Japan believe that the time is neigh for China and Japan to work together to deepen economic and trade relations in areas such as the Belt and Road initiative, promote mutual investment and look to the Asian Development Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank for investment and financing services for joint infrastructure construction projects.
China’s economy grew by 6.8 percent in the third quarter of 2017. This was largely due to larger outputs from the manufacturing, coal mining and construction sectors. However, inefficiencies in these industries and rising corporate debt if left unsolved could cause sluggish economic growth and pull the plug on China’s aspirations to become a “moderately prosperous society by 2020”.
(listed in alphabetical order)
Read about the aspirations and consumer pursuits of the Chinese mass affluent population (individuals with RMB 650,000 to 6 million investable assets) in this 22-page report. This segment of the Chinese population is expected to reach 33 million in 2020 from the current 15 million recorded in 2015. The report also highlights the shift towards wealth and lifestyle, rising discontent due to the soaring cost of living and fresh opportunities for businesses and wealth managers in this new paradigm of domestic consumer spending.
Explore the trends in China’s domestic politics and foreign policy in this 19-page report, which provides an analysis of President Xi Jinping’s leadership and the goals and objectives behind China’s approach to foreign relations, particularly with the US. The report also discusses the future prospects for China’s socialist ideology and its slow evolution towards some form of liberal democracy given the enlarged role that China now plays in the global political and economic arenas.
- Morrison, W. M. (2017, September 15). China’s economic rise: History, trends, challenges, and implications for the United States. Retrieved October 27, 2017, from Congressional Research Service website: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33534.pdf
This report traces the advent of economic reforms and trade liberalisation in China which began 36 years ago and its current economic structure today. It also discusses the challenges which China faces in sustaining a rapidly growing economy and the Chinese government’s plan to implement sweeping economic reforms.
This 52-page report gives a detailed overview of the current state of China’s economy which is doing well but appears to be slowing down. The Chinese government is allocating sizeable funds on research and development to boost corporate dynamism and performance and the report recommends ensuring inclusive growth by improving the labour market opportunities for citizens.
This report from the Task Force on US-China Policy sets forth recommendations which are aimed at helping the Trump administration to develop a strategic US-Sino policy which will further develop bilateral ties and promote trade and investment cooperation between both countries while protecting US national interests.
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All featured books and periodicals are located at the Lee Kong Chian Reference Library.
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The information in this resource guide is valid as at November 2017 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history on the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.
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